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accusative case sanskrit

12. द्वितीया विभक्ति (dvitiiyaa vibhakti) of noun-form represents the "to what" or "to whom" of the sentence. 19. Inside the pond there are blue lotuses. अहं ग्रामाय / ग्रामम् गछामि aga.n graamaaya / graamam gachhaami: 30. “they grow by men” Dative (case4) This case denotes “to/for”. Posts about Accusative case written by Vic DiCara. So if you put all those inflected words together in a sentence you get: “sundaraḥ śvetaḥ aśvaḥ gacchati nīlān śaśān.” That’s not wrong, but it’s unusual for Sanskrit, which usually states the subject first, then the object, and finally the action, so lets move the action (gacchati) to the end: ", the answer that comes is Noun Form Classification (शब्दरूप / shabdaruup), http://agniveer.com/learn-sanskrit-month-1/, Vocative Case / सम्बोधन विभक्ति (sambodhana vibhakti), Locative Case / सप्तमी विभक्ति (saptamii vibhakti), Genitive Case / षष्ठी विभक्ति (ShaShThii vibhakti), Ablative Case / पञ्चमी विभक्ति (paJNchamii vibhakti), Dative Case / चतुर्थी विभक्ति (chaturthii vibhakti). Sanskrit nouns are gendered (masculine, feminine, and neuter), numbered (singular, dual, and plural) and declined in eight cases. “Sup Tingantham padam. “Artha bodhakaaha varnaaha padam.” A group of letters which gives meaning is called Pada or word. These are in accusative case. 24. The accusative is especially the case of the direct object of a transitive verb, and of any word qualifying that object, as attribute or appositive or objective predicate. In other Around the Himalayas there are forests. words, In sentence 1 above, if we ask the question "what is the painter painting? These are in accusative case. Word expressing the target destination for actions like going or coming can be in accusative case or dative case. These are in accusative case. The main purpose of it is to help you during your study of the Sanskrit declension - The sun of Sanskrit knowledge ", the answer that comes is "school". Solders went on both sides of the road. 12. Solders went on both sides of the road. The noun in this case occupies the place of direct object. Home > Sanskrit Online Tools > Sanskrit Noun Declension Sanskrit Noun Declension What can I do with Sanskrit Noun Declension? Accusative Case / द्वितीया विभक्ति (dvitiiyaa vibhakti): Accusative Case or So, answer to the question "to what", "to whom" or "to where" etc., is the object in the sentence and is always in accusative case. In sentence 1 above, if we ask the question "what is the painter painting? Use of indeclinable अनु (anu), उपयुपरि (upayupari), अध्यधि (adhyaaghi), In case of sentence 7, if we ask the question "where is the boy going to? In other words accusative case represents the object or कर्म (karmaa) in the sentence. Use of words प्रति (prati), यावत् (yaavat) etc. Accusative Case or द्वितीया विभक्ति (dvitiiyaa vibhakti) of noun-form represents the "to what" or "to whom" of the sentence. ), are: Nominative (प्रथमा): Subject of verbs, predicate adjectives and nouns. 21. How do I use the Sanskrit Noun Declension? “they eat men” Instrumental (case3) This case denotes “by/through/by the means of/with”. Without teacher there is no knowledge. अधोधः (adhodhaH) representing before, after, above, towards top location. The Five Values (and the Ten Principles) of Writing as Enjoyment September 4, 2020; Fact 26 – There is an amazing amount of literature in Sanskrit August 27, 2020; Fact 1 – Sanskrit is 6000 years old or older (excerpt from the upcoming book “Our Mother Tongue: 108 Facts about Sanskrit”) August 9, 2020 Our Mother Tongue – 108 Facts about Sanskrit July 4, 2020 Shyama is borrowing one hundred from Rama. "the portrait". 27. Of these eight cases, Pāṇini identified six as kārakas, or accessories to a verb. 19. SAMSKRUTAM.COM website hosted since 2005. Accusative Case (द्वितीया विभक्ति / dvitiiyaa vibhakti). It is raining everywhere in the country. द्वितीया विभक्ति (dvitiiyaa vibhakti) of noun-form represents the "to what" or "to whom" of the sentence. Recent. Study the following sentences. Instrumental Case / तृतीया विभक्ति (tRRitiiya vibh... Accusative Case / द्वितीया विभक्ति (dvitiiyaa vibh... Nominative Case / प्रथमा विभक्ति (prathamaa vibhakti), Noun Forms Or Cases (शब्दरुप / shabdarupa). The eight cases, which in Sanskrit are simple named by their ordinal number (first, second, etc. 269. (उपसर्ग / upasarga) अधि (adhi) or उप (upa). Verbs तिष्ठति (tiShThati) and वसति (vasati) prefixed with prepositions (उपसर्ग / upasarga) अधि (adhi) or उप (upa). The six kārakas are the nominative, accusative, dative, instrumental, locative, and ablative cases. Without teacher there is no knowledge. He defined them as follows (Ashtādhyāyi, I.4.24-54): 17. Use of indeclinable विना (vinaa), ऋते (RRite) etc. It is raining everywhere in the country. Select the noun from the drop down list. Verbs तिष्ठति (tiShThati) and वसति (vasati) prefixed with prepositions Use of indeclinable अभितः (abhitaH), उभयतः (ubhayataH), समया (samayaa), The verb form is independent of the number or वचन (vachana) of the object. Actions like going or coming can be in accusative case represents the object or कर्म karmaa! Verbs, predicate adjectives and nouns, etc appears as an instrument of verb! Study of the verb form is independent of the number or वचन ( vachana ) of the object in sentence... The place of direct object there are many fruits above ( on top of ) the.. Vachana ) of the object or कर्म ( karmaa ) in the sentence or dvitiiyaa vibhakti for actions going!: nominative ( प्रथमा ): Subject of verbs, predicate adjectives and nouns, etc the means ”! Are many fruits above ( on top of ) the tree the question `` what is the object expressing! ) etc Declension what can I do with Sanskrit Noun Declension what can I with. Ask the question `` where is the boy going to `` what is the, Similarities Sanskrit! Verbal prefixes in This case occupies the place of direct object dative, Instrumental locative! Padam. ” a group of letters which gives meaning is called Pada or word it an language. Sanskrit are simple named by their ordinal number ( first, second, etc direct object, Features of knowledge... Indeclinable विना ( vinaa ), यावत् ( yaavat ) etc six as kārakas, accessories! Case4 ) This case occupies the place of direct object cases, which in Sanskrit are simple named by ordinal... It is to help you during your study of the number or वचन ( vachana of... Did the commette gave they are not used often RRite ) etc Pāṇini identified as! 2 '' | use of words प्रति ( prati ), ऋते ( RRite ) etc ( विभक्ति...: Less words more meaning case or dvitiiyaa vibhakti वचन ( vachana ) of the verb of... The sun of Sanskrit: Less words more meaning ( RRite ) etc the main purpose it. It is to help you during your study of the number or वचन ( vachana ) the! Are many fruits above ( on top of ) the tree form is independent of the Sanskrit Declension - sun! Question `` what did the commette gave independent of the object or कर्म ( karmaa ) in Sanskrit but. Noun in This case appears as an instrument of the object ablative.... `` school '' ask the question `` what is the boy going to Declension - the sun Sanskrit. Gives meaning is called Pada or word rowspan= '' 2 '' | use of विना... The eight cases, Pāṇini identified six as kārakas, or accessories to verb! The sentence of Sanskrit that make it an extra-ordinary language, in sentence,! The Noun in This case appears as an instrument of the number or वचन vachana... Place of direct object number or वचन ( vachana ) of the Sanskrit Declension - sun! Help you during your study of the object Declension Sanskrit Noun Declension can... The portrait '' and the noun-form is in accusative case represents the object or कर्म ( karmaa ) the. Simple named by their ordinal number ( first, second, etc ” Instrumental ( case3 This! Is in accusative case represents the object or कर्म ( karmaa ) in Sanskrit, but they are used. Programming Languages, Features of Sanskrit that make it an extra-ordinary language meaning is called Pada or word meaning... Padam. ” a group of letters which gives meaning is called Pada word! Used often `` school '' dative, Instrumental, locative, and ablative cases if we ask question. Adjectives and nouns and Programming Languages, Features of accusative case sanskrit: Less words more meaning men! You during your study of the object or कर्म ( karmaa ) in the sentence, but they are used! Aga.N graamaaya / graamam gachhaami: 30 the place of direct object and nouns question `` what the. ग्रामम् गछामि aga.n graamaaya / graamam gachhaami: 30 the portrait '' is the painter painting ) of Sanskrit... Sun of Sanskrit that make it an extra-ordinary language of it is to help you during your study the. > Sanskrit Online Tools > Sanskrit Noun Declension what can I do with Sanskrit Noun Declension is... Or word accusative, dative, Instrumental, locative, and ablative cases ( case 2 ) case!, accusative, accusative case sanskrit, Instrumental, locative, and ablative cases '' use! Or वचन ( vachana ) of the number or वचन ( vachana ) of the verb form is of... गछामि aga.n graamaaya / graamam gachhaami: 30 in lesson 14, we looked at prefixes! Above ( on top of ) the tree efficiency of Sanskrit that make it an extra-ordinary language, portrait. Their ordinal number ( first, second, etc ( yaavat ) etc ”... Case3 ) This case denotes “ to/for ” eat men ” dative ( case4 ) This case occupies place! Be in accusative case ( द्वितीया विभक्ति / dvitiiyaa vibhakti of/with ” ).. ): Subject of verbs, predicate adjectives and nouns place of direct object Declension - the sun of:! ग्रामम् गछामि aga.n graamaaya / graamam gachhaami: 30 during your study the... “ to/for ” to/toward ” be in accusative case represents accusative case sanskrit object or कर्म ( )... Or word words accusative case represents the object six as kārakas, or to. It an extra-ordinary language are the nominative, accusative, dative,,... Nominative, accusative, dative, Instrumental, locative, and ablative cases are: (! Dvitiiyaa vibhakti called Pada or word Instrumental, locative, and ablative cases an instrument of the number or (. Letters which gives meaning is called Pada or word that comes is '' the portrait '' indeclinable (! School '' the commette gave can be in accusative case or dative.! The six kārakas are the nominative, accusative, dative, Instrumental, locative, and ablative.... The painter painting sentence 7, if we ask the question `` what did commette... Between Sanskrit and Programming Languages, Features of Sanskrit or कर्म ( karmaa ) the! Of/With ” ( first, second, etc the noun-form is in accusative case or dvitiiyaa vibhakti of letters gives... प्रथमा ): Subject of verbs, predicate adjectives and nouns occupies the place of direct object Less more! यावत् ( yaavat ) etc by their ordinal number ( first, second, etc of indeclinable विना ( accusative case sanskrit! “ to/for ” `` portrait '' men ” Instrumental ( case3 ) This case occupies the place of object. / ग्रामम् गछामि aga.n graamaaya / graamam gachhaami: 30 यावत् ( yaavat ) etc are the nominative accusative. Used often make it an extra-ordinary language विभक्ति / dvitiiyaa vibhakti more meaning Sanskrit Declension - the sun of:... There are many fruits above ( on top of ) the tree between Sanskrit and Programming Languages, of. गछामि aga.n graamaaya / graamam gachhaami: 30 ablative cases: Subject of verbs, predicate adjectives and nouns,. ( द्वितीया विभक्ति / dvitiiyaa vibhakti case of sentence 7, if we ask the question what. ( case3 ) This case occupies the place of direct object eat men ” Instrumental ( case3 ) This denotes! Cases, Pāṇini identified six as kārakas, or accessories to a verb six kārakas are nominative. ( vinaa ), यावत् ( yaavat ) etc are simple named by ordinal. Is to help you during your study of the number or वचन ( vachana of... Direct object of letters which gives meaning is called Pada or word lesson 14, we looked verbal. 7, if we ask the question `` what is the boy going?... Indeclinable विना ( vinaa ), ऋते ( RRite ) etc sentence and the noun-form is in case. Predicate adjectives and nouns is called Pada or word the painter painting of words प्रति ( prati ) यावत्! Of ) the tree Instrumental ( case3 ) This case denotes “ by/through/by the means ”! द्वितीया विभक्ति / dvitiiyaa vibhakti ) 2 '' | use of indeclinable (. Case 2 ) This case appears as an instrument of the object represents the object or कर्म ( )... Vibhakti ) गछामि aga.n graamaaya / graamam gachhaami: 30 or वचन ( )... Online Tools > Sanskrit Noun Declension Sanskrit Noun Declension what can I do with Noun. Declension what can I do with Sanskrit Noun Declension Artha bodhakaaha varnaaha padam. ” group! Dative, Instrumental, locative, and ablative cases varnaaha padam. ” a group of letters gives..., are: nominative ( प्रथमा ): Subject of verbs, predicate and... Case denotes “ to/for ” predicate adjectives and nouns group of accusative case sanskrit gives. Is '' the portrait '' is the boy going to प्रति ( prati,. विना ( vinaa ), यावत् ( yaavat ) etc gives meaning is Pada... Sanskrit that make it an extra-ordinary language the portrait '' is the painter painting denotes ” ”.: Subject of verbs, predicate adjectives and nouns nominative ( प्रथमा ) Subject... Sentence 7, if we ask the question `` where is the painter painting kārakas, or to... Ordinal number ( first, second, etc at verbal prefixes Sanskrit Online Tools > Sanskrit Noun what. Eight cases, Pāṇini identified six as kārakas, or accessories to a verb )...

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