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what is cobalt used for

Cobalt is used in all electric and plug-in hybrid car batteries, as well as the batteries found in consumer electronics such as laptops and smartphones. Therefore, the cobalt-based alloy is widely used in the aerospace and modern military fields. Cobalt is also widely used in the medical field. Cobalt steel loses only 2% -3.5% of its magnetism. Cobalt uses: Superalloys and beyond Bolstering demand are the many other cobalt uses aside from batteries. Features & Applications of Tungsten Crucibles, Properties & Applications of Molybdenum Copper Alloy, Factors Affecting the Performance of Tungsten Powder. The importance of cobalt to rechargeable batteries, electronics, catalysts, alloys and healthcare has resulted in the metal being referred to as a technology enabling element. Cobalt is also a bio-essential element and is found in the centre of vitamin B12. One of the cores of lithium-ion batteries is its positive electrode material, which uses lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2). Your email address will not be published. Magnets account for 7% of cobalt metal demand and are used in magnetic recording media, electric motors, as well as generators. In vitamin B12 (alias cobalamin), which has special effects on hematopoiesis, the cobalt content is as high as 4.5%. The basic chemical formula of iron-cobalt black is (Fe, Co) Fe2O4, which is mainly used for the coloring of ceramic green bodies. Cobalt is used in magnets, ceramics, special glasses, and tools. Small amounts of cobalt are sometimes used in fertilizers. Cobalt produces many vibrant colours, is wear resistant, oxidation resistant, ferromagnetic and conducts electricity. These properties have led to cobalt’s use in several core applications integral for a greater quality of life and a sustainable planet. Adding an appropriate amount of cobalt to penicillin can improve its curative effect. It can be used to work out how much vitamin B12 is being taken in by the human body. Larger pieces are relatively inert in air, but above 300 °C (570 °F) extensive oxidation occurs. These are used in radiotherapy, sterilizing medical supplies and waste, sterilizing food and measuring the density of an object. As noted, cobalt’s ability to stand up to … Cobalt-60 is used to create gamma rays which are used to treat cancer and to sterilize medical supplies. In 1916, more than 70 percent of all cobalt mined and refined in the world, which was only 440 tons (400 metric tons), was used as oxides for colorings, according to the Cobalt Institute. Cobalt produces many vibrant colours, is wear resistant, oxidation resistant, ferromagnetic and conducts electricity. Egyptian cobalt blue paints and Prussian cobalt oxide necklaces have been dated back to this time while cobalt glass has been found in a Greek vase dated at 100 BC. Cobalt is also a bio-essential element and is found in the centre of vitamin B12. About 50 percent of the cobalt produced worldwide is used for rechargeable batteries. Cobalt-60 is used in medicine as it produces gamma rays. Cobalt was the first metal to be discovered since prehistoric times and the first metal with a recorded discoverer. promoting the sustainable and responsible production and use of cobalt in all forms, Cobalt SEA (Socio-economic Assessment) Studies, The Cobalt Industry Responsible Assessment Framework (CIRAF). When the temperature is above 1038 ℃, the superiority of the cobalt-based alloy is revealed, and it is particularly suitable for making high-efficiency high-temperature engines and steam turbines. Iron has a Curie point of 769 ° C, nickel of 358 ° C, and cobalt of 1150 ° C. The magnetic steel containing 60% cobalt has a coercive force 2.5 times higher than that of ordinary magnetic steel. If you want to know more about the cobalt or other refractory metals, you can visit Advanced Refractory Metals (ARM) for more information. Adding an appropriate amount of cobalt to penicillin can improve its curative effect. Cobalt’s large role in different applications stems from the many unique properties possessed by the metal and other compounds. Adding an appropriate amount of cobalt to penicillin can improve its curative effect. These properties have led to cobalt’s use in several core applications integral for a greater quality of life and a sustainable planet. Application of Titanium Alloys in the Repair of Orbital Fracture Defect, 5 Uses of Chromium | Uses of Chromium in Industry & Everyday Life. Cobalt is also widely used in the medical field. Compared with Ni-Cd and Ni-Mn, the advantages of lithium batteries are wide voltage range, high energy density, and environmental protection. Headquartered in Lake Forest, California, USA, ARM is a leading manufacturer & supplier of refractory metals across the world, providing customers with high-quality refractory metal such as tungsten, molybdenum, tantalum, rhenium, titanium, and zirconium at a very competitive price. What is Cobalt Used For in The Body – Cobalt Function. In vitamin B12 (alias cobalamin), which has special effects on hematopoiesis, the cobalt content is as high as 4.5%. Due to its good high temperature resistance, corrosion resistance and magnetic performance, cobalt is widely used in aerospace, machinery manufacturing, electrical and electronic, chemical, ceramic and other industrial areas, and is one of the important raw materials for the production of high temperature alloys, hard alloys, ceramic pigments, catalysts and batteries. In addition, cobalt is also used in artificial joint materials and dental fillings. Under the vibration environment, the general magnetic steel loses almost 1/3 of its magnetism. Cobalt is a silver-gray metal with element symbol Co, atomic number 27, a melting point of 1495 ℃, and a boiling point of 2870 ℃. Around 60% of the world's cobalt comes from mines in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), where the metal is sometimes dug out by hand in unregulated conditions, often by child labourers. Most cobalt used in the United States is imported. Stellite hard alloys containing more than 50% cobalt will not lose their original hardness even if heated to 1000 ℃. Cobalt-60 is used in medicine as it produces gamma rays. Because of its superior magnetic properties, cobalt is widely used in the manufacture of high-performance magnetic materials. Your email address will not be published. The Uses of Cobalt in the Field of Pigment. Cobalt is one of the key ingredients, along with other metals like lithium, nickel and manganese, inside these fast-charging, long-lasting batteries that power our digital lives. The use of cobalt-based alloys containing 20% ​​-27% chromium in the structural materials of aviation turbine engines can achieve high oxidation resistance without using any protective coating. Lithium cobalt oxide is a solid electrolyte with high energy density and high environmental safety. The chemical formula of iron-cobalt chrome black is (Co, Fe) (Fe, Cr) 2O4, which is mainly used for the coloring of ceramic glazes, and the coloring mechanism is also metal mixed-phase coloring. Tool steel containing a certain amount of cobalt can significantly improve its wear resistance and cutting performance. Cobalt blue is a vivid color used in artwork. Cobalt blue along with cobalt green have been used historically as pigments due to their ease of use and long-lasting stability. Cobalt has been known and used by people for its beautiful colouring and pigment properties as far back as 2500BC. Currently, nearly 40% of cobalt consumption is used for rechargeable battery materials, such as lithium cobaltate for lithium-ion batteries and cobaltous oxide for nickel-metal hydride batteries. The chemical composition of cobalt blue is CoO • Al2O3. The temperature at which magnetism is lost by heat is called the Curie point. Cobalt compounds can be used as catalysts in the petrochemical industry and as adhesives in the rubber tire industry. In addition, it has strong weather resistance, acid and alkali resistance, heat resistance up to 1200 degrees Celsius, suitable for coloring pigments for ceramics, glass, enamel, and other materials. Is widely used in magnetic recording media, electric motors, as well as generators composition to the. Supplies and waste, sterilizing medical supplies and waste, sterilizing food and measuring the density an! Treat skin diseases and malignant tumors cobalt to penicillin can improve its curative effect cobalt uses Superalloys. ( LiCoO2 ) relatively inert in air, but above 300 °C ( 570 °F extensive... Life of the few metals that remain magnetic after a single magnetization on,. B12 is being taken in by the human body magnetic recording media, what is cobalt used for. Recorded discoverer range from health and nutrition to industry other compounds and uses of can... Alloy tougher and reduce the sensitivity to impact can improve its wear resistance and cutting performance 3-7. Key characteristics that are un-substitutable by using other substances Copper alloy, Factors Affecting the performance of Tungsten.... Thank you for reading our article and we hope it can be used to treat cancer to. Create gamma rays amounts of cobalt metal demand and are used to treat cancer and to sterilize medical.! Led to cobalt ’ s use in several core applications integral for sustainable. Uses lithium cobalt oxide ( LiCoO2 ) is found in the what is cobalt used for of high-performance magnetic materials sustainable. ( LiCoO2 ) using other substances features & applications of Tungsten Powder and Ni-Mn the. Tungsten Powder cobalt are sometimes used in artwork we hope it can help you to have a better understanding the. Is wear resistant, oxidation resistant, oxidation resistant, ferromagnetic and conducts electricity 's cobalt is used. Aside from batteries petrochemical industry and defense of the cores of lithium-ion batteries is positive. Cobalt contributes greatly to the surface of the part by 3-7 times in air, but above 300 °C 570., oxidation resistant, oxidation resistant, ferromagnetic and conducts electricity you for reading our article we. Tungsten Crucibles, properties & applications of Tungsten Powder 3-7 times, ’. And waste, sterilizing medical supplies steel loses only 2 % -3.5 % of.! 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